The transmission is an important component of your backhoe loader. Its purpose is to use the engine's output to manipulate the machine's power output, torque, direction and speed. If you do not maintain your backhoe loader's transmission, you will not enjoy the machine's efficiency in the work site. You will have a hard time moving heavy loads. In addition, minor transmission problems can worsen and cause other problems in the engine. Therefore, it is important to keep the transmission in good condition to reduce costly engine repairs. Here are a few secrets to an effective transmission when using a backhoe loader:
Avoid Shortcuts When Shifting Gears
The backhoe loader is one of the most versatile machines within the work site. It performs multiple back and forth movements at high and low speeds. This means that you have to keep shifting gears from slow motion to high speed and reverse throughout the time it is in use. When shifting from a high gear to the reverse gear, you should shift gradually through the low gears to slow down the machine before engaging the reverse gear. Avoid sudden braking and changing forward to reverse gears without shifting systematically. Even though such shortcuts seem convenient when you are working, they strain the cogs in the gearbox and elevate the chances of a breakdown in the transmission.
Look Out for Clutch Problems
If the backhoe loader has a manual transmission, then it is impossible to shift gears with a dysfunctional clutch. Therefore, you should be keen to diagnose and correct any clutching problems before they affect other parts of the transmission. When you press the clutch pedal, the engine should change its revving sound as the machine changes the torque. If the revving sound takes too long to change, then you are likely experiencing a clutch problem.
Regular pressing of the clutch pedal to facilitate the back and forth movements of the backhoe loader increase the friction on the clutch plates. If you feel something that smells like burning rubber from the loader's engine, then you should have the clutch checked to replace any worn out parts.
Check and Replace the Transmission Fluid
The transmission fluid lubricates all the moving parts of the transmission. The fluid transmits power between the transmission and the engine, which is then interpreted as the corresponding motion on the wheels. Before beginning any work, you should check the level and condition of the transmission fluid. If it has a "burnt" smell, then it is a clear sign that you need to change it.
If you notice any problems with your transmission, it is important to have it checked out by a gearbox repairs company.